Is there a cure for type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. This means the body’s own immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin (by mistake!). We are not entirely sure what causes this to happen, but we know some individuals may be more prone if they have a family history of autoimmune conditions. There is currently no cure, but the condition can certainly be managed with the right approach!
Learning the skills of carbohydrate counting, with the help of a specialist dietitian, can really help to manage the condition, while still enjoying a varied diet! Doses of insulin are taken by the individual which correspond to the amount of carbohydrate consumed. This approach enables better control of blood sugar levels.
There is research going on to see if drugs can be developed to prevent the immune system from destroying the cells of the pancreas. This could then prevent type 1 diabetes from developing in the first place. There are also closed loop insulin delivery systems which mimic the job of the pancreas. These closed loop systems or an ‘artificial pancreas’ continuously monitor blood sugar levels and deliver insulin into the body accordingly. This is not a cure but a potential solution which comes with less burden on the person. This technology is not currently available to everyone with type 1 diabetes on the NHS but work is in progress to make it possible.
If you would like help managing your condition, click here